Music, Identity and History: Reading Kalenjin Popular/Traditional Music. In Moi University African Cluster Centre Workshop. 29 October. Sirikwa Hotel, Eldoret., 2020.
‘Men Are Not Taken as Lightly as That’. Egerton Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 12., 2019.
Popular Music, Ethnicity and Politics in the Kenya of the 1990s: Okatch Biggy Live at “The Junction.” ISBN (10) 1-5275-2674-7 ISBN (13) 978-1-5275-2674-7., Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing., 2019.
Rapping with a Forked Tongue, Code-switching and the Tribalized Kenya of the end of the Twentieth Century in ‘Otongolo Tyme’ by Poxi Presha. Eastern African Literary and Cultural Studies, 4, p.85-104. Website Abstract, 2018.
ABSTRACTIn this article politics is argued to be an important driver of the practice of codeswitching in the kinds of texts — like popular music texts — that are produced for extensive circulation within the African post-colony. The argument is anchored in a discourse analysis of the Kenyan hip-hop track ‘Otongolo Tyme’ by Poxi Presha. There is heavy code-switching both in the verbal and the musical components of ‘Otongolo Tyme’. By closely examining the code-switching in the track and reading it in context the article demonstrates that the code-switching in ‘Otongolo Tyme’ was imbricated in the politics of tribe that dominated public life in Kenya at the close of the twentieth century. This article ultimately demonstrates that the extension of cultures and of the identities tied to them that results from the interaction of different languages in a sustained manner over extended periods of time does not automatically translate into a modification in the relationship among the cultures in contact. Indeed, the case proved by the code-switching in ‘Otongolo Tyme’ is that in the tribalised Kenya of the 1990s new ideas were deliberately deployed to uphold the notions of difference that defined the relationship among the country’s different ethnic groups.
Ethnicity and the brokerage of Kenyan popular music: categorizing ‘Riziki’by Ja-Mnazi Afrika. Journal of African Cultural Studies, 27, p.205–215., 2015.
At the End of a Long Day, Nairobi CBD. In An Anthology of Short Stories and Poems from East Africa. Nairobi CBD: Sentia Publishing Company, p. 09-210., 2014.
Journey into Madness and Other Poems., Eldoret: Utafiti Foundation., 2014.
Like Chicken. In An Anthology of Short Stories and Poems from East Africa. Sentia Publishing Company, p. 209-210., 2014.
Living off the Stony Farm: Address and Diasporic Consciousness in “Shamba la Mawe” by Awilo Mike. Eastern African Literary and Cultural Studies, 1, p.167-177. Website Abstract, 2014.
This article reads diasporic consciousness in the song “Shamba la Mawe” by the Kenyan artiste, Awilo Mike. It takes as its entry point for the reading the fact that Peter, the speaker in the song's lyrics, a Kenyan migrant in Europe, addresses two groups of Kenyans separately and together. The first of the two groups lives in Kenya, the second lives in Europe. The notion that forms of address may reveal information about the person of the addressor is relied on to shepherd the scrutiny of Peter's linguistic reference to his collocutors and the languages he uses in addressing the collocutors into a decoding of his diasporic consciousness. The focus of the analysis is thus on the addressing individual, the speaker, who presents himself as belonging to the two groups that he addresses. Information relating to the career of Awilo Mike is mobilized to conflate the character Peter's utterance and the song “Shamba la Mawe”, which it is part of.
The Bicycle. In African Short Stories. African Books Network., 2013.
The Pained Face in the Cracked Mirror: Postcolonial African Identity in the Form of Okot p’Bitek’s Song of Ocol. The Nairobi Journal of Literature: the Journal of the Department of Literature, University of Nairobi, 7, p.13-23., 2013.
The Serious People of ‘Raha': The Politics in the Ethnic Stereotyping of the Luo in Okatch Biggy’s Benga. In Rethinking Eastern African Literary and Intellectual Landscapes. New Jersey: Africa World Press, p. 265-281., 2012.
An African Man. In The Doomed Conspiracy and Other Stories. Nairobi: East African Educational Publishers, p. 195-211 ., 2011.
Postcards from Taon. Postcolonial Text, 6., 2011.
“Communion of Shadows”,“The Return of the Rains, Mwanzo” and“Music Man”. In Counterpoint and Other Poems. Nairobi: Oxford University Press, p. 61-65., 2010.
2010. Counterpoint and Other Poems. , Nairobi: Oxford University Press.
Foreword. In Counterpoint and Other Poems. Nairobi: Oxford University Press, p. x-xii., 2010.
‘My voice is nowadays known’, Okatch Biggy, Benga and Luo identity in the 1990s. Muziki, 6, p.14-25. Website, 2009.
Sex, HIV/AIDS and ‘tribal’politics in the Benga of Okatch Biggy. Postcolonial text, 5, p.2–12., 2009.